The word "palace" comes from Old Frenchpalais (imperial residence), from LatinPalātium, the name of one of the seven hills of Rome. The original "palaces" on the Palatine Hill were the seat of the imperial power while the "capitol" on the Capitoline Hill was the religious nucleus of Rome. Long after the city grew to the seven hills the Palatine remained a desirable residential area. Emperor Caesar Augustus lived there in a purposely modest house only set apart from his neighbours by the two laurel trees planted to flank the front door as a sign of triumph granted by the Senate. His descendants, especially Nero, with his "Golden House" enlarged the house and grounds over and over until it took up the hill top. The word Palātium came to mean the residence of the emperor rather than the neighbourhood on top of the hill.
The term "general" is used in two ways: as the generic title for all grades of general officer and as a specific rank.
It originates in the 16th century, as a shortening of captain general, which rank was taken from Middle Frenchcapitaine général.
The adjective general had been affixed to officer designations since the late medieval period to indicate relative superiority or an extended jurisdiction.
Today, the title of "General" is known in some countries as a four-star rank. However different countries use different systems of stars for senior ranks. It has a NATO code of OF-9 and is the highest rank currently in use in a number of armies.
General officer ranks
The various grades of general officer are at the top of the military rank structure. Lower-ranking officers in land-centric military forces are typically known as field officers or field-grade officers, and below them are company-grade officers.
MALACANANG on Tuesday said it expected Health SecretaryFrancisco Duque 3rd to act on the alleged anomalous barangay health station project he uncovered in his department ... So I expect Secretary Duque to complete the documentations to forward it to the relevant prosecuting authorities,” Palace spokesman HarryRoque said at a press conference in Cotabato City ... “I am beyond frustrated ... “Heads will roll ... There will be no sacred cows ... ....
Ownership, legality questions swirl around treasures looted from Old SummerPalace. More than 150 years after French and British troops sacked Beijing's Old Summer Palace in 1860, relics that may have been taken from the site are showing up at foreign auction houses, prompting an outcry from China... The destruction of the Old Summer Palace took place during the Second Opium War (1856-60)....